Journal Articles

In review


Threlfall, C.G., Marzinelli, E.M., Ossola, A., Bugnot, A.B., Bishop, M.J., Lowe, L., Imberger, S., Myers, S., Steinberg, P.D. and Dafforn, K.A. in press, Towards cross-realm management of coastal urban ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Vozzo, M., Mayer-Pinto, M., Bishop, M., Cumbo, V., Bugnot, A., Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E., Steinberg, P. and Strain E. (2021) Making seawalls multifunctional: the positive effects of seeded bivalves and habitat structure on species diversity and filtration rates. Marine Environmental Research.

Lee, A., Capa M., Dafforn K.A., Murray, A. and Hutchings, P. (2021) New records of non-indigenous Branchiomma and Parasabella species (Sabellidae: Annelida) in South Australia highlight the continuing challenges for sabellid taxonomy. Journal of Natural History.

Airoldi, L., Beck, M.W., Firth, L.B., Bugnot, A.B., Steinberg, P.D. and Dafforn, K.A. (2021) Emerging solutions to return nature to the urban ocean. Annual Review of Marine Science. 13: 445-477.


Bugnot, A.B., Mayer-Pinto M., Airoldi, L., Heery, E.C., Johnston E.L., Critchley, L.P., Strain, E.M.A., Morris, R.L., Loke, L.H.L., Bishop, M.J., Sheehan, E.V., Coleman, R.A. and  Dafforn, K.A. (2020) Current and projected global extent of marine built structures. Nature Sustainability.

Borja, A., Andersen, J.H., Arvanitidis, C.D., Basset, A., Buhl-Mortensen, L., Carvalho, S., Dafforn, K.A., Devlin, M.J., Escobar-Briones, E.G., Grenz, C., Harder, T., Katsanevakis, S., Liu, D., Metaxas, A., Moran, X.A.G., Newton, A., Piroddi, C., Pochon, X., Quieros, A.M., Snelgrove, P., Solidoro, C., St John, M.A. and Teixeira, H. (2020) Past and future Grand Challenges in Marine Ecosystem Ecology. Frontiers in Marine Science. 7: 362.

Zavoleas, Y., Haeusler, M.H., Dunn, K., Bishop, M., Dafforn, K.A., Schaefer, N., Sedano, F. and Yu, K.D. (2020) Designing Bio-Shelters: Improving Water Quality and Biodiversity in the Bays Precinct through Dynamic Data-Driven Approaches. Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture. 2020: 521-532.

Steinberg, R.K., Dafforn, K.A., Ainsworth, T.D. and Johnston, E.L. (2020) Know thy anemone: A review of threats to octocorals and anemones and opportunities for their restoration. Frontiers in Marine Science. 7: 590.

Critchley, L., Bugnot, A.B., Dafforn K.A., Marzinelli, E.M. and Bishop, M.J. (2020) Comparison of wrack dynamics between mangrove forests with and without seawalls. Science of the Total Environment. 751: 141371.

Ruprecht, J.E., Glamore, W.C., Dafforn, K.A., Wemheuer, F., Crane, S.L., van Dorst, J., Johnston E.L., Mitrovic, S.M., Turner I.L., Ferrari, B.C. and Birrer, S.C. (2020) A novel real-world ecotoxicological dataset of pelagic microbial community responses in wastewater. Scientific Data. 7: 158.

Mayer-Pinto, M., Dafforn, K.A. and Fobert, E. (2020) Knowledge exchange to improve research and management of the impacts of artificial light at night. Austral Ecology. 45: 1059-1061.

Schaefer, N., Mayer-Pinto, M., Griffin, K.J., Johnston, E.L., Glamore, W. and Dafforn, K.A. (2020) Predicting the impact of sea-level rise on intertidal rocky shores with remote sensing. Journal of Environmental Management. 261: 110203.


Filippini, G., Bugnot, A.B., Johnston, E.L., Ruszczyk, J., Potts, J., Scanes, P., Ferguson, A., Ostrowski, M., Varkey, D. and Dafforn, K.A. (2019) Sediment bacterial communities associated with environmental factors in Intermittently Closed and Open Lakes and Lagoons (ICOLLs). Science of the Total Environment. 693: 133462.

Mayer-Pinto, M., Dafforn, K.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2019) A decision framework for coastal infrastructure to optimise biotic resistance and resilience in a changing climate. BioScience. 69: 833-843.

Ushiama, S., Mayer-Pinto, M., Bugnot, A.B., Johnston, E.L. and Dafforn, K.A. (2019) Eco-engineering increases habitat availability and utilization of seawalls by fish. Ecological Engineering. 138: 403-411.

Gaw, S., Harford, A., Pettigrove, V., Sevicke-Jones, G., Manning, T., Ataria, J., Dafforn, K.A., Leusch, F.D.L., Moggridge, B., Cameron, M., Chapman, J., Coates, G., Colville, A., Death, C., Hageman, K., Hassell, K., Hoak, M., Gadd, J., Jolley, D., Karami, A., Kotzakoulakis, K., Lim, R., McRae, N., Metzeling, L., Mooney., T, Myers, J., Pearson, A., Saaristo, M., Sharley, D., Stuthe, J., Sutherland, O., Thomas, O., Tremblay, L., Wood, W., Boxall, A., Rudd, M., Brooks, B. (2019) Towards Sustainable Environmental Quality: Priority Research Questions for the Australasian Region of Oceania. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 15: 917-935.

Gonzalez, S.V., Johnston, E., Gribben, P.E. and Dafforn, K.A. (2019) The application of bioturbators for aquatic bioremediation: review and meta-analysis. Environmental Pollution. 250: 426-436.

Lachnit, T., Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L. and Steinberg, P (2019) Contrasting distributions of bacteriophages and eukaryotic viruses from contaminated coastal sediments. Environmental Microbiology. 21: 1929-1941.

Macolino, A.S., Dafforn, K.A., Hedge, L.H., Poore, A.G.B. and Johnston, E.L. (2019) Fine-scale effects of boat moorings on soft sediment communities masked in large-scale comparisons. Frontiers in Marine Science. 6: 1-10.

Van den Brink, P.J., Bracewell, S.A., Bush, A., Chariton, A., Choung, C.B., Compson, Z.G., Dafforn, K.A., Korbel, K., Lapen, D.R., Mayer-Pinto, M., Monk, W.A., O’Brien, A.L., Rideout, N.K., Schäfer, R.B., Sumon, K.A., Verdonschot, R.C.M. and Baird, D.J. (2019) Towards a general framework for the assessment of interactive effects of multiple stressors on aquatic ecosystems: results from the Making Aquatic Ecosystems Great Again (MAEGA) workshop. Science of the Total Environment. 684: 722-726.

O’Brien, A.L., Dafforn, K.A., Chariton, A.A., Johnston, E.L. and Mayer-Pinto, M. (2019) After decades of stressor research in urban estuarine ecosystems the focus is still on single stressors: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Science of the Total Environment. 684: 753-764.

Bugnot, A.B., Hose, G.C., Walsh, C.J., Floerl, O., French, K., Dafforn, K.A., Hanford, J., Lowe, E.C. and Hahs, A.K. (2019) Urban impacts across realms: making the case for inter-realm monitoring and management. Science of the Total Environment. 648: 711-719. Link to Accepted Manuscript.

Birrer, S.C., Dafforn, K.A., Sun, M.Y., Williams, R.B.H., Potts, J., Scanes, P., Kelaher, B.P., Simpson, S.L., Kjelleberg, S., Swarup, S., Steinberg, P. and Johnston, E.L. (2019) Using meta-omics of contaminated sediments to monitor changes in pathways relevant to climate regulation. Environmental Microbiology. 21: 389-401.

Schaefer, N., Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L. and Mayer-Pinto, M. (2019) Size, depth and position affect the diversity and structure of rock pool communities in an urban estuary. Marine and Freshwater Research. 70: 1034-1044.


Heery, E.C., Dafforn, K.A., Smith, J.A., Ushiama, S. and Mayer-Pinto, M. (2018) Not all artificial structures are created equal: pilings linked to greater ecological and environmental change in sediment communities than seawalls. Marine Environmental Research. 142: 286-294. Link to Accepted Manuscript

Birrer, S.C., Dafforn, K.A., Simpson, S.L., Kelaher, B.P., Potts, J., Scanes, P. and Johnston, E.L. (2018) Interactive effects of multiple stressors revealed by sequencing total (DNA) and active (RNA) components of experimental sediment microbial communities. Science of the Total Environment. 637-638: 1383-1394.

Morris, R.L., Golding, S., Dafforn, K.A. and Coleman, R.A. (2018) Can coir increase native biodiversity and reduce colonisation of non-indigenous species in eco-engineered rock pools? Ecological Engineering. 120: 622-630.

Waltham, N.J. and Dafforn, K.A. (2018) Ecological engineering in the coastal seascape. Ecological Engineering. 120: 554-559.

Bugnot, A.B., Mayer-Pinto, M., Johnston, E.L., Schaefer, N. and Dafforn, K.A. (2018) Learning from nature to enhance Blue engineering of marine infrastructure. Ecological Engineering. 120: 611-621. Link to Accepted Manuscript

Mayer-Pinto, M., Dafforn, K.A., Bugnot, A.B., Glasby, T.M. and Johnston, E.L. (2018) Artificial structures alter kelp functioning across an urbanised estuary. Marine Environmental Research. 139: 136-143. Link to Accepted Manuscript

Lee, A.L., Dafforn, K.A., Hutchings, P.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2018) Reproductive strategy and gamete development of an invasive fanworm, Sabella spallanzanii (Polychaeta: Sabellidae), a field study in Gulf St Vincent, South Australia. PLoS ONE. 13: e0200027.

Tian, C., Doblin, M.A., Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L., Pei, H. and Hu, W. (2018) Dinoflagellate cyst abundance is positively correlated to sediment organic carbon in Sydney Harbour and Botany Bay, NSW, Australia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 25: 5808-5821.

Marzinelli, E.M., Qiu, Z., Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L., Steinberg, P.D. and Mayer-Pinto, M. (2018) Coastal urbanisation affects microbial communities on a dominant marine holobiont. npj Biofilms and Microbiomes. 4: 1-7.

Mayer-Pinto, M., Cole, V.J., Johnston, E.L., Bugnot, A., Hurst, H., Airoldi, L., Glasby, T.M. and Dafforn, K.A. (2018) Functional and structural responses to marine urbanisation. Environmental Research Letters. 13: 1-17.

Strain, E.M.A., Olabarria, C., Mayer-Pinto, M., Cumbo, V., Morris, R.L., Bugnot, A.B., Dafforn, K.A., Heery, E., Firth, L.B., Brooks, P.R. and Bishop, M.J. (2018) Eco-engineering urban infrastructure for marine and coastal biodiversity: which interventions have the greatest ecological benefit? Journal of Applied Ecology. 55: 426-441.


Sutherland, M., Dafforn, K.A., Scanes, P., Potts, J., Simpson, S.L., Sim, V.X.Y. and Johnston, E.L. (2017) Links between contaminant hotspots in low flow estuarine systems and altered sediment biogeochemical processes. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science. 198: 497-507.

Lavender, J.T., Dafforn, K.A., Bishop, M.J. and Johnston, E.L. (2017) An empirical examination of consumer effects across  twenty degrees of latitude. Ecology. 98: 2391-2400.

Lawes, J.C., Dafforn, K.A., Clark, G.F., Brown, M.V. and Johnston, E.L. (2017) Multiple stressors in sediments impact adjacent  hard substrate habitats  and across biological domains. Science of the Total Environment. 592: 295-305.

Bishop, M.J., Mayer-Pinto, M., Airoldi, L., Firth, L.B., Morris, R.L., Loke, L.H.L., Hawkins, S.J., Naylor, L.A., Coleman, R.A., Yin Chee, S. and Dafforn, K.A. (2017) Effects of ocean sprawl on ecological connectivity: impacts and solutions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 492: 7-30.

Heery, E.C., Bishop, M.J., Critchley, L., Bugnot, A.B., Airoldi, L., Mayer-Pinto, M., Sheehan, E.V., Coleman, R.A., Loke, L.H.L., Johnston, E.L., Komyakova, V., Morris, R.L., Strain, E.M.A., Naylor, L.A. and Dafforn, K.A. (2017) Identifying the consequences of ocean sprawl for sedimentary habitats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 492: 31-48.

Lavender, J.T., Dafforn, K.A., Bishop, M.J. and Johnston, E.L. (2017) Small-scale habitat  complexity of artificial turf influences the development of  associated invertebrate assemblages. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 492: 105-112.

Hedge, L.H., Dafforn, K.A., Simpson, S.L. and Johnston, E.L. (2017) Uncovering hidden heterogeneity: geo-statistical models illuminate the fine scale effects of boating infrastructure on sediment characteristics and contaminants. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 119: 143-150.

Mayer-Pinto, M., Johnston, E.L., Bugnot, A.B., Glasby, T.M., Airoldi, L., Mitchell, A. and Dafforn, K.A. (2017) Building ‘blue’: an eco-engineering framework  for  foreshore developments. Journal of Environmental Management. 189: 109-114. Link to Accepted Manuscript

Bolton, D., Mayer-Pinto, M., Clark, G.F., Dafforn, K.A., Brassil, W.A., Becker, A. and Johnston, E.L. (2017) Coastal urban lighting has ecological consequences for multiple trophic levels under the sea. Science of the Total Environment. 576: 1-9.

Dafforn, K.A. (2017) Eco-engineering and management strategies for marine infrastructure to reduce  establishment and dispersal of non-indigenous  species. Management of Biological Invasions. 8: 153-161.

Johnston, E.L., Dafforn, K.A., Clark, G.F.,  Rius, M. and Floerl, O. (2017) How  anthropogenic activities affect the establishment and spread of non-indigenous species post-arrival. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review. 55: 389-419.


Edge, K.J., Johnston, E.L., Dafforn, K.A., Simpson, S.L., Kutti, T. and Bannister, R.J. (2016) Sub-lethal effects of water-based drilling muds on the deep-water sponge Geodia barretti. Environmental Pollution. 212: 525-534.

Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L., Ferguson, A., Humphrey, C.L., Monk, W., Nichols, S., Simpson, S.L., Tulbure, M. and Baird, D.J. (2016) Big data opportunities and challenges for assessing multiple stressors across scales in aquatic ecosystems. Marine and Freshwater Research. 67: 393-413.

Baird, D.J., Van den Brink, P., Chariton, A.A., Dafforn, K.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2016) Editorial: New diagnostics for multiply stresses marine and freshwater ecosystems: integrating models, ecoinformatics and Big Data. Marine and Freshwater Research. 67: 391-392.


Tan, E.L.Y., Mayer-Pinto, M., Johnston, E.L. and Dafforn, K.A. (2015) Differences in intertidal microbial assemblages on urban structures and natural rocky reef. Frontiers in Microbiology. 6: 1276.

Dafforn, K.A., Mayer-Pinto, M., Morris, R.L. and Waltham, N.J. (2015) Application of management tools to integrate ecological principles with the design of marine infrastructure. Journal of Environmental Management. 158: 61-73. Link to Accepted Manuscript

Dafforn, K.A., Glasby, T.M., Airoldi, L., Rivero, N.K., Mayer Pinto, M. and Johnston, E.L. (2015) Marine urbanization an ecological framework for designing multifunctional artificial structures. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 13: 82-90. Link to Accepted Manuscript

Dafforn, K.A., Glasby, T.M., Airoldi, L., Rivero, N.K., Mayer-Pinto, M. and Johnston, E.L. (2015) The authors’ reply. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 13: 129-130.

Sim, V.X.Y., Dafforn, K.A., Simpson, S.L., Kelaher, B.P. and Johnston, E.L. (2015) Sediment contaminants and infauna associated with recreational boating structures in a multi-use marine park. PLOS ONE. 10: e0130537.

Edge, K.J., Dafforn, K.A., Simpson, S.L., Ringwood, A.H. and Johnston, E.L. (2015) Resuspended contaminated sediments cause sublethal stress to oysters: A biomarker differentiates total suspended solids and contaminant effects. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 34: 1345-1353.

Clark, G.F., Kelaher, B.P., Dafforn, K.A., Coleman, M.A., Knott, N.A., Marzinelli, E.M. and Johnston, E.L. (2015) What does impacted look like? High diversity and abundance of epibiota in modified estuaries. Environmental Pollution. 196: 12-20.


Lavender, J.T., Dafforn, K.A., and Johnston, E.L. (2014). Meso-predators: A confounding variable in consumer exclusion studies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 456: 26-33.

Edge, K.J., Dafforn, K.A., Simpson, S.L., Roach, A.C. and Johnston, E.L. (2014). A biomarker of contaminant exposure is effective in large scale assessment of ten estuaries. Chemosphere. 100: 16-26.

Dafforn, K.A., Baird, D.J., Chariton, A.A., Sun, M.Y., Brown, M.V., Simpson, S.L., Kelaher, B.P. and Johnston, E.L. (2014). Faster, higher and stronger? The pros and cons of molecular faunal data for assessing ecosystem condition. Advances in Ecological Research. 51: 1-40.


Dafforn, K.A., Kelaher, B.P., Simpson, S.L., Coleman, M.A., Hutchings, P.A., Clark, G.F., Knott, N.A., Doblin, M.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2013). Polychaete richness and abundance enhanced in anthropogenically modified estuaries despite high concentrations of toxic contaminants. PLOS ONE. 8: 77018.

Rivero, N. K., Dafforn, K.A, Coleman, M.A., Johnston, E.L. (2013) Environmental and ecological changes associated with a marina. Biofouling. 27: 803-815.

Sun, M.Y., Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L. and Brown, M.V. (2013) Core sediment bacteria drive community response to anthropogenic contamination over multiple gradients. Applied Environmental Microbiology. 15: 2517-2531.

Gall, M.L., Holmes, S.P., Dafforn, K.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2013) Differential tolerance to copper, but no evidence of population-level genetic differences in a widely-dispersing native barnacle. Ecotoxicology. 22: 929-937.


Dafforn, K.A., Simpson, S.L., Kelaher, B.P., Clark, G.F., Komyakova, V., Wong, C.K.C. and Johnston, E.L. (2012) The challenge of choosing environmental indicators of anthropogenic impacts in estuaries. Environmental Pollution 163, 207-217.

Sun, M.Y., Dafforn, K.A., Brown, M.V. and Johnston, E.L. (2012) Bacterial communities are sensitive indicators of contaminant stress. Marine Pollution Bulletin 64, 1029-1038.

Dafforn, K.A., Glasby, T.M. and Johnston, E.L. (2012) Comparing the invasibility of experimental “reefs” with field observations of natural reefs and artificial structures. PLOS ONE 7, e38124.


McKinley, A.C., Dafforn, K.A., Taylor, M.D. and Johnston, E.L. (2011) High levels of sediment contamination have little influence on estuarine beach fish communities. PloS one 6, e26353.

Dafforn, K.A., Lewis, J.A. and Johnston E.L. (2011) Antifouling strategies: History and regulation, ecological impacts and mitigation. Marine Pollution Bulletin 62, 453-465.


Piola, R.F., Dafforn, K.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2009) The influence of antifouling practices on marine invasions. Biofouling 25, 633-644.

Dafforn, K.A., Glasby, T.M. and Johnston, E.L. (2009) Links between estuarine condition and spatial distribution of marine invaders. Diversity and Distributions 15, 807-821.

Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L. and Glasby, T.M. (2009) Shallow moving structures promote marine invader dominance. Biofouling 25, 277-287.


Dafforn, K.A., Glasby, T.M. and Johnston, E.L. (2008) Differential effects of tributyltin and copper anti-foulants on recruitment of non-indigenous species. Biofouling 24, 23-33.

Invited Book Chapters

O’Brien, A.L., Dafforn, K.A., Chariton, A., Airoldi, L., Schafer, R, and Mayer-Pinto, M. (in review) Multiple stressors. in A Reichelt-Brushett (ed), Marine Ecotoxicology.

Morris, R.L., Strain, E.M.A, Mayer-Pinto, M., Dafforn, K.A., Carnell, P.E., Waltham, N. and Bishop, M.J. (in review) Supporting estuarine services using eco-engineering. in N Waltham (ed), Reparing the world’s estuaries: knowledge, challenges and the necessary success ahead.

Birrer, S.C., Dafforn, K.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2017) Microbial community responses to contaminants and the use of molecular techniques. in Microbial Ecotoxicology, eds. Cravo-Laurear C; Duran R; Cagnon C; Lauga B. Springer, pp. 165-183.


Dafforn, K.A., Mayer-Pinto, M., Bugnot, A. B., Coleman, R.A., Morris, R. L. and Johnston, E.L. (2016) Guiding principles for marine foreshore developments. Report prepared for UrbanGrowth NSW.

Dafforn, K.A., Mayer-Pinto, M., Bugnot, A., Ushiama, S. and Johnston, E.L. (2015) Baseline assessment of ecological structure and function at Watermans Cove. Prepared for Lendlease.

Dafforn, K.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2013) Ecological engineering of the South Barangaroo foreshore. Prepared for Lendlease.

Dafforn, K.A., Clark, G.F., McKinley, A.C. and Johnston, E.L. (2012) Pollution Reduction Program 146: Assessment of the ecological condition of Port Kembla Inner Harbour and Allans Creek and a comparison with two reference estuaries. Prepared for Bluescope Steel.

Clark, G.F., Dafforn, K.A. and Johnston, E.L. (2011) Port Kembla Outer Harbour dredging study. Prepared for Port Kembla Port Corporation.

Dafforn, K.A., Johnston, E.L. and Clark, G.F. (2009) Survey of marine faunal communities in the area of the proposed Port Kembla Outer Harbour development. Prepared for Port Kembla Port Corporation.